Throat Swab Samples for Diagnosis of Q Fever

Emmanouil Angelakis Faculte de Medecine, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille 13385, France; URMITE, UMR, IRD 198, Dakar, Senegal

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Oleg Mediannikov Faculte de Medecine, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille 13385, France; URMITE, UMR, IRD 198, Dakar, Senegal

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Andreas Stein Faculte de Medecine, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille 13385, France; URMITE, UMR, IRD 198, Dakar, Senegal

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Hubert Bassene Faculte de Medecine, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille 13385, France; URMITE, UMR, IRD 198, Dakar, Senegal

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Cheikh Sokhna Faculte de Medecine, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille 13385, France; URMITE, UMR, IRD 198, Dakar, Senegal

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Didier Raoult Faculte de Medecine, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille 13385, France; URMITE, UMR, IRD 198, Dakar, Senegal

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Oropharyngeal swabs collected from patients with Q fever from France and from febrile patients from Senegal were tested by molecular assays for Coxiella burnetii. One positive result (0.08%) occurred for only one patient with acute Q fever. Throat swabs cannot replace blood serum samples as diagnostic tools for Q fever.

Author Notes

* Address correspondence to Emmanouil Angelakis, Faculte de Medecine, Aix Marseille Université, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, Marseille 13385, France. E-mails: angelotasmanos@gmail.com

Authors' addresses: Emmanouil Angelakis, Oleg Mediannikov, Andreas Stein, and Didier Raoult, Faculte de Medecine, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, France, E-mails: angelotasmanos@gmail.com, olegusss1@gmail.com, andreas.stein@ap-hm.fr, and didier.raoult@gmail.com. Hubert Bassene and Cheikh Sokhna, URMITE, UMR, IRD 198, Dakar, Senegal, E-mails: hubert.bassene@ird.fr and cheikh.sokhna@ird.fr.

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