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Amazonian Head Lice-Specific Genotypes Are Putatively Pre-Columbian

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  • Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes: URMITE, Aix Marseille Université, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Laboratório de Vírus, Departamento de Microbiologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil
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Head and body lice are strict obligate human ectoparasites with three mitochondrial phylotypes (A, B, and C). Using molecular methods for genotyping lice (Cytochrome b and multi-spacer typing), and comparing our results with all the sequences of human lice that were genotyped previously, we assessed the presence of a specific American genotype that most likely predates the Columbian era in head lice collected from Amazonia.

Author Notes

* Address correspondence to Didier Raoult, Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes: URMITE, Aix Marseille Université, UMR CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM 1095, Faculté de Médecine, 27 Bd Jean Moulin, 13005, Marseille, France. E-mail: Didier.raoult@gmail.com

Authors' addresses: Amina Boutellis, Aurélie Veracx, and Didier Raoult, Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes: URMITE, Aix Marseille Université, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France, E-mails: amina.boutell@yahoo.fr, veracxaurelie@hotmail.com, and didier.raoult@gmail.com. Jônatas Abrahão, Laboratório de Vírus, Departamento de Microbiologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil, E-mail: jonatas.abrahao@gmail.com.

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