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Screening of Household Family Members of Brucellosis Cases and Neighboring Community Members in Azerbaijan

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  • Republican Anti-Plague Station, Baku, Azerbaijan; United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Maryland; Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland

Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in Azerbaijan. The first human brucellosis case reported in 1922 was in Pardabil village of a region currently named Shabran. Household members of brucellosis index cases are a population at risk for brucellosis infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of seropositivity of brucellosis among household and neighboring community members of brucellosis index cases in Azerbaijan. Twenty-one household members of 8 index brucellosis cases and 27 community neighbors were serologically tested for evidence of exposure by the serum agglutination test. Of these, the brucellosis seropositivity rate was 9.5% and 7.4%, respectively. Screening of household members of index cases and individuals who live in proximity to infected household members is a practical approach to increase the detection of brucellosis exposure.

Author Notes

* Address correspondence to Christian T. Bautista, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910. E-mail: Christian.Bautista@us.army.mil

Financial support: The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) through the Cooperative Biological Engagement Program (CBEP) funded this study.

Authors' addresses: Rita Ismayilova, Rakif Abdullayev, Kamala Amirova, Latafat Jabbarova, Narmin Ustun, and Musa Jahanov, Azerbaijan Republican Anti-Plague Station, Baku, Azerbaijan, E-mails: rita2202@rambler.ru, doktor1952@rambler.ru, kamalaemirova@mail.ru, latafat.jabbarova@gmail.com, ustunnermin@yahoo.com, and musa.jahanov@abta.az. Christian T. Bautista, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, E-mail: christian.bautista@us.army.mil. Emilya Nasirova, Marilyn Powers, Robert Rivard, Rupal Mody, and Matthew Hepburn, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, MD, E-mails: Emilya.Nasirova@konsis.az, Marilyn.Powers@us.army.mil, Robert.G.Rivard@us.army.mil, rupal.mody@us.army.mil and matthew.hepburn@yahoo.com.

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