Trypanosoma lewisi or T. lewisi-like Infection in a 37-Day-Old Indian Infant

Archana Verma Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Samiksha Manchanda Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Nirmal Kumar Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Archna Sharma Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Masha Goel Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Partha Sarathi Banerjee Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Rajat Garg Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Brahma Pal Singh Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Fatima Balharbi Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Veerle Lejon Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Stijn Deborggraeve Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Udai Veer Singh Rana Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Jacob Puliyel Department of Paediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India; Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India; Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Belgium; National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

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Trypanosomes were observed in the peripheral blood smear of a 37-day-old Indian infant admitted off feeds, with fever and convulsions. Trypanosoma (Herpetosoma) lewisi was identified in the blood. The species identification was confirmed by morphometry, polymerase chain reaction, and sequencing. Human infection with this organism is rare. Only seven cases of this infection have been reported previously in humans. The cases reported are reviewed to develop a composite picture of this disease.

Author Notes

*Address correspondence to Jacob Puliyel, St. Stephens Hospital, Tis Hazari, Delhi, India 110054. E-mail: puliyel@gmail.com

Authors' addresses: Archana Verma, Samiksha Manchanda, and Nirmal Kumar, Department of Pediatrics, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India, E-mails: dr_archanaverma@yahoo.com, manchandasami@yahoo.com, and nsk9_2000@yahoo.com. Archna Sharma and Masha Goel, Department of Pathology, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India, E-mails: drarchna_sharma@yahoo.com and Mashagoel86@gmail.com. Partha Sarathi Banerjee, Rajat Garg, and Brahma Pal Singh, Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, U.P., India, E-mails: banerjeeparth62@gmail.com, rajatgarg_2000@yahoo.com, and bpsingh_para@yahoo.co.in. Fatima Balharbi, Veerle Lejon, and Stijn Deborggraeve, Department of Parasitology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium, E-mails: fbalharbi@itg.be, vlejon@itg.be, and sdeborggraeve@itg.be. Udai Veer Singh Rana, National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India, E-mail: druvsrana@gmail.com. Jacob Puliyel, St. Stephens Hospital, Delhi, India, E-mail: puliyel@gmail.com.

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