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Genetic Analysis of Influenza A/H1N1 of Swine Origin Virus (SOIV) Circulating in Central and South America

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  • U.S. Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru; Dirección General de Epidemiología, Ministerio de Salud, Lima, Perú; Hospital Vernaza, Ecuador; Hospital Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador; Hospital Solano, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Hospital Infantil Manuel de Jesus Rivera, Managua, Nicaragua; Hospital Santa Ana Metapan, El Salvador; LARDIDEV-Biomed-UC, Maracay, Venezuela; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras; ONG Rayos de Sol, Asuncion, Paraguay
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Since the first detection of swine origin virus (SOIV) on March 28, 2009, the virus has spread worldwide and oseltamivir-resistant strains have already been identified in the past months. Here, we show the phylogenetic analysis of 63 SOIV isolates from eight countries in Central and South America, and their sensitivity to oseltamivir.

Author Notes

*Address correspondence to Josefina Garcia, Av. Venezuela, S/N Bellavista Lima, Callao 2, Peru. E-mail: josefina.garcia@med.navy.mil

Financial support: This study was funded by the U.S. Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (DoD-GEIS), a division of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, WORK UNIT NUMBER: 847705.82000.25GB.B0016.

Disclosure: The study protocol was approved by the Naval Medical Research Center Institutional Review Board (Protocol NMRCD.2002.0019) in compliance with all applicable Federal regulations governing the protection of human subjects.

Copyright statement: Authors Tadeusz J. Kochel is a U.S. military service member; Merly Sovero and V. Alberto Laguna-Torres are employees of the U.S. Government. This work was prepared as part of their official duties. Title 17 U.S.C. § 105 provides that “Copyright protection under this title is not available for any work of the United States Government.” Title 17 U.S.C. § 101 defines U.S. Government work as a work prepared by a military service member or employees of the U.S. Government as part of those person's official duties.

Authors' addresses: Merly Sovero, Josefina Garcia, V. Alberto Laguna-Torres, and Tadeusz Kochel, U.S. Naval Medical Research Center Detachment, Lima, Peru, E-mail: josefina.garcia@med.navy.mil. Jorge Gomez, Dirección General de Epidemiología, Ministerio de Salud, Lima, Perú. Washington Aleman, Hospital Vernaza, Ecuador. Wilson Chicaiza, Hospital Vozandes, Quito, Ecuador. Melvin Barrantes, Hospital Solano, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Felix Sanchez, Hospital Infantil Manuel de Jesus Rivera, Managua, Nicaragua. Mirna Jimenez, Hospital Santa Ana Metapan, El Salvador. Guillermo Comach, LARDIDEV-Biomed-UC, Maracay, Venezuela. Ivette Lorenzana de Rivera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Alma Barboza and Nicolas Aguayo, ONG Rayos de Sol, Asuncion, Paraguay.

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