An Assessment of the Regional and National Socio-Economic Impacts of the 2007 Rift Valley Fever Outbreak in Kenya

Karl M. Rich Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, Norway; International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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Francis Wanyoike Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, Norway; International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

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Although Rift Valley fever (RVF) has significant impacts on human health and livestock production, it can also induce significant (and often overlooked) economic losses among various stakeholders in the marketing chain. This work assesses and quantifies the multi-dimensional socio-economic impacts of the 2007 RVF outbreak in Kenya based on a rapid assessment of livestock value chains in the northeast part of the country and a national macroeconomic analysis. Although study results show negative impacts among producers in terms of food insecurity and reductions in income, we also found significant losses among other downstream actors in the value chain, including livestock traders, slaughterhouses, casual laborers, and butchers, as well as other, non-agricultural sectors. The study highlights the need for greater sensitivity and analyses that address the multitude of economic losses resulting from an animal disease to better inform policy and decision making during animal health emergencies.

Author Notes

*Address correspondence to Karl M. Rich, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs and International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 8159 Dep., 0033 Oslo, Norway. E-mail: kr@nupi.no

Authors' addresses: Karl M. Rich, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs and International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 8159 Dep., 0033 Oslo, Norway, E-mail: kr@nupi.no. Francis Wanyoike, International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 30709, 00100, Nairobi, Kenya, E-mail: f.wanyoike@cgiar.org.

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