• 1

    Lawrence C, Olson JA, 1986. Birefringent hemozoin identifies malaria. Am J Clin Pathol 86 :360–363.

  • 2

    Romagosa C, Menendez C, Ismail MR, Quintó L, Ferrer B, Alonso PL, Ordi J, 2004. Polarisation microscopy increases the sensitivity of hemozoin and Plasmodium detection in the histological assessment of placental malaria. Acta Trop 90 :277–284.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3

    Mendelow BV, Lyons C, Nhlangothi P, Tana M, Munster M, Wypkema E, Liebowitz L, Marshall L, Scott S, Coetzer TL, 1999. Automated malaria detection by depolarization of laser light. Br J Haematol 104 :499–503.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4

    Kramer B, Grobusch MP, Suttorp N, Neukammer J, Rinneberg H, 2001. Relative frequency of malaria pigment-carrying monocytes of nonimmune and semi-immune patients from flow cytometric depolarized side scatter. Cytometry 45 :133–140.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5

    Maude RJ, Koh GC, Silamut K, 2008. Taking photographs with a microscope. Am J Trop Med Hyg 79 :471–472.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

A Simplified, Low-Cost Method for Polarized Light Microscopy

View More View Less
  • 1 Centre for Tropical Diseases, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom; Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Restricted access

Malaria pigment is an intracellular inclusion body that appears in blood and tissue specimens on microscopic examination and can help in establishing the diagnosis of malaria. In simple light microscopy, it can be difficult to discern from cellular background and artifacts. It has long been known that if polarized light microscopy is used, malaria pigment can be much easier to distinguish. However, this technique is rarely used because of the need for a relatively costly polarization microscope. We describe a simple and economical technique to convert any standard light microscope suitable for examination of malaria films into a polarization microscope.

Author Notes

Reprint requests: Richard J. Maude, Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine Mahidol University, Third Floor, 60th Anniversary Chalermprakiat Building, 420/6 Ratchawithi Road, Ratchathewi District, Bangkok 10400, Thailand, E-mail: richardmaude@gmail.com.
Save