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Co-Infection of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and HIV: Report of a Case of Mucosal Leishmaniasis in Cochabamba, Bolivia

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  • 1 Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

We describe the first case of Leishmania/HIV co-infection reported in Bolivia. Initially hospitalized with a diagnosis of pneumonia and bronchitis, the patient had numerous cutaneous and mucosal lesions caused by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis. The patient was also diagnosed as severely immunocompromised because of HIV infection.

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