Co-Infection of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and HIV: Report of a Case of Mucosal Leishmaniasis in Cochabamba, Bolivia

Faustino Torrico Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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Rudy Parrado Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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Rosario Castro Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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Carla Jimena Marquez Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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Mary Cruz Torrico Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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Marco Solano Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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Richard Reithinger Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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Ana Lineth García Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Laboratorio de Referencia Departamental, Servicio Departamental de Salud, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Infectología, Hospitalario Viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; School of Medicine and Health Science, George Washington University, Washington, DC

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We describe the first case of Leishmania/HIV co-infection reported in Bolivia. Initially hospitalized with a diagnosis of pneumonia and bronchitis, the patient had numerous cutaneous and mucosal lesions caused by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis. The patient was also diagnosed as severely immunocompromised because of HIV infection.

Author Notes

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