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The Value of the Otorhinolaryngologic Exam in Correct Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis Diagnosis

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  • 1 Centro de Pesquisas Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Salvador, Brazil; Fundação Hospitalar do Acre (Fundhacre), Rio Branco, Brazil; Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil; Instituto de Investigação em Imunologia, Salvador, Brazil
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An increase in mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (ML) cases in northern (Brazil) motivated this study. In 44 ML patients with clinical diagnosis, only 13 parasitologically confirmed cases exhibited mucosal lesion suggestive of ML. Other conditions involving nasal manifestations are frequently confounded with ML. Therefore, otorhinolaryngologic examination is important in the clinical management of ML.

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