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Keeping an Eye on Poxviruses

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  • 1 Integrated Research Facility, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Fort Detrick, Maryland
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In this issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, MacNeil and others describe the use of serologic methods to aid in retrospectively identifying a pustular rash illness that occurred among residents of a group of villages in the Republic of the Congo in 2007.1 On the basis of descriptions of the skin lesions, there were two major candidates for the diagnosis. The first candidiate was chickenpox, which is caused by a highly contagious human-adapted herpesvirus, and is endemic in central Africa, where immunization rates are low. The second candidiate was monkeypox, a zoonosis

In this issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, MacNeil and others describe the use of serologic methods to aid in retrospectively identifying a pustular rash illness that occurred among residents of a group of villages in the Republic of the Congo in 2007.1 On the basis of descriptions of the skin lesions, there were two major candidates for the diagnosis. The first candidiate was chickenpox, which is caused by a highly contagious human-adapted herpesvirus, and is endemic in central Africa, where immunization rates are low. The second candidiate was monkeypox, a zoonosis

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