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Forest Malaria in Central Vietnam

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  • 1 Institute of Malariology, Parasitology, and Entomology, Qui Nhon, Vietnam; Military Preventive Medicine Centre, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam; Australian Army Malaria Institute, Enoggera, Queensland, Australia

Studies were conducted in a village in central Vietnam to explain the existence of a forest malaria cycle of transmission external to the village. The findings suggested no malaria transmission in the village because of the absence of a suitable vector, but suggested evidence for transmission in villagers when attending garden plots in the forested hills surrounding the village. A sizeable population residing near these garden plots, the presence of Anopheles dirus (a highly efficient vector), and a degree of malaria immunity within the inhabitants created suitable conditions to sustain malaria transmission outside the village.

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