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Adaptation of a Multi-drug Resistant Strain of Plasmodium falciparum from Peru to Aotus lemurinus griseimembra, A. nancymaae, and A. vociferans Monkeys

William E. CollinsDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Joann S. SullivanDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Patrice HallDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Trenton K. Ruebush IIDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Allison WilliamsDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Katharine K. GradyDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Amy BounngasengDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Douglas NaceDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Tyrone WilliamsDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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Curtis HuberDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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G. Gale GallandDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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John W. BarnwellDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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James J. SullivanDivision of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector Borne and Enteric Diseases, and Animal Resources Branch, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia; Atlanta Research and Education Foundation, Decatur, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development, Bureau for Global Health, Washington, District of Columbia

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A strain of Plasmodium falciparum from Peru was adapted to splenectomized Aotus nancymaae and Aotus vociferans monkeys. The Peru 134/CDC strain of P. falciparum was shown to be resistant to treatment with chloroquine in monkeys and partially resistant to mefloquine and malarone. Genetic mutations in crt, dhfr, dhps, and cytochrome b genes conferring drug resistance were also determined for this Peruvian strain of P. falciparum.

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