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EVIDENCE AND POTENTIAL FOR TRANSMISSION OF HUMAN AND SWINE TAENIA SOLIUM CYSTICERCOSIS IN THE PIRACURUCA REGION, PIAUÍ, BRAZIL

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  • 1 Laboratório de Parasitologia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Federal do Tocantins, Araguaína-TO, Brazil; Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan; Laboratório de Reprodução, Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Federal do Tocantins, Araguaína-TO, Brazil; Departamento de Análises Clínicas, Toxicológicas e Bromatológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil; Animal Laboratory for Medical Research, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan
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The study conducted in the Cocal dos Alves municipality, located in the Piracuruca region of Piauí State, Brazil in November of 2003 was based on both a socio-behavioral survey and analysis of serum antibodies and parasitic materials. Pig raising is the main economic activity with 91.4% using extensive farming. On the studied population, 54.3% of people did not apply any sanitary measures to wastewater, 45.7% used septic tanks, and 69.1% consumed water without treatment. The data collected indicated the occurrence and active transmission of the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex in the region. One of seven voluntary persons was positive in antibody-ELISA tests using both native and recombinant antigens. Multiplex PCR and DNA sequencing of cyst samples obtained from a pig revealed the presence of the Afro-American genotype of Taenia solium. This study revealed the occurrence of human and porcine cysticercosis in the Piracuruca region of Piauí State, middle-north of Brazil.

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