PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS ON MYCOBACTERIUM SPP. IN DAIRY CATTLE IN ECUADOR

FREDDY PROAÑO-PEREZ International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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LEEN RIGOUTS International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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JEF BRANDT International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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PIERRE DORNY International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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JORGE RON International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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MARIA-AUGUSTA CHAVEZ International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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RICHAR RODRIGUEZ International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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KRISTA FISSETTE International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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ANITA VAN AERDE International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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FRANÇOISE PORTAELS International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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WASHINGTON BENITEZ-ORTIZ International Centre for Zoonoses, Central University of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador; Department of Animal Health and Department of Microbiology, Unit Mycobacteriology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

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This study evaluated bovine tuberculosis in Mejia canton, a major dairy cattle production region in Ecuador. Randomly selected cattle (1,012 from 59 farms) classified according to herd size were tested by the single tuberculin test (STT). Sixty days later, positive reactors were tested again by the comparative tuberculin test (CTT). In addition, tissue samples from two STT-CTT-positive reactors detected on a farm were obtained in a local slaughterhouse and analyzed bacteriologically. A total of 4.24% of the cattle were positive in the STT and 3.85% were positive in the CTT, with the highest number (7.95%) in large herds versus 3.4% in medium herds and 0.3% in small herds. Mycobacterium bovis was isolated from mesenteric lymph nodes and lungs of one animal. A 16S ribosomal RNA-based polymerase chain reaction confirmed culture results and differentiated mycobacteria other than M. tuberculosis. This study confirms the zoonotic importance of tuberculosis in Ecuadorian dairy cattle with herd size likely to be a crucial parameter in the prevalence of the disease. The implementation of a national control program is necessary and should be based on the detection of positive cattle by STT in combination with CTT.

Author Notes

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