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VARICELLA ZOSTER VIRUS MENINGITIS COMPLICATING SODIUM STIBOGLUCONATE TREATMENT FOR CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS

JOSHUA D. HARTZELLDepartment of Internal Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington D.C.; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Neurology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.; Infectious Diseases Division, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

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NAOMI E. ARONSONDepartment of Internal Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington D.C.; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Neurology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.; Infectious Diseases Division, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

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SUDHIR NAGARAJADepartment of Internal Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington D.C.; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Neurology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.; Infectious Diseases Division, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

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TIM WHITMANDepartment of Internal Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington D.C.; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Neurology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.; Infectious Diseases Division, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

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CLIFTON A. HAWKESDepartment of Internal Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington D.C.; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Neurology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.; Infectious Diseases Division, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

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GLENN WORTMANNDepartment of Internal Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington D.C.; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Department of Neurology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.; Infectious Diseases Division, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland; Infectious Diseases Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

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Sodium stibogluconate (Pentostam®; GlaxoSmithKline) is a pentavalent antimonial compound used in the treatment of leishmaniasis, which has an association with reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV). We report the first known case of an immunocompetent adult who developed VZV aseptic meningitis and dermatomal herpes zoster during treatment with sodium stibogluconate.

Author Notes

Reprint requests: Joshua D. Hartzell, Department of Internal Medicine, 2JO5, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 6900 Georgia Ave. NW, Washington, D.C. 20307-5001, E-mail: Joshua.hartzell@na.amedd.army.mil.
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