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FIRST MOLECULAR DETECTION OF RICKETTSIA FELIS IN FLEAS FROM ALGERIA

IDIR BITAMUnité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeria; Unité INSERM U399 and Unité des Rickettsies CNRS UMR 6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Institut National Agronomique, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria

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PHILIPPE PAROLAUnité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeria; Unité INSERM U399 and Unité des Rickettsies CNRS UMR 6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Institut National Agronomique, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria

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KATHARINA DITTMAR DE LA CRUZUnité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeria; Unité INSERM U399 and Unité des Rickettsies CNRS UMR 6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Institut National Agronomique, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria

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KOUTARO MATSUMOTOUnité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeria; Unité INSERM U399 and Unité des Rickettsies CNRS UMR 6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Institut National Agronomique, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria

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BELKACEM BAZIZUnité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeria; Unité INSERM U399 and Unité des Rickettsies CNRS UMR 6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Institut National Agronomique, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria

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JEAN-MARC ROLAINUnité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeria; Unité INSERM U399 and Unité des Rickettsies CNRS UMR 6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Institut National Agronomique, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria

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MILOUD BELKAIDUnité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeria; Unité INSERM U399 and Unité des Rickettsies CNRS UMR 6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Institut National Agronomique, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria

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DIDIER RAOULTUnité d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeria; Unité INSERM U399 and Unité des Rickettsies CNRS UMR 6020, IFR48, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, France; Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Institut National Agronomique, El Harrach, Alger, Algeria

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Fleas collected in Algeria in the district of Oran between July and September 2003 were tested by polymerase chain reaction for the presence of Rickettsia spp. DNA using primers amplifying gltA and OmpA genes. Two gltA sequences identical to those of an emerging pathogen, Rickettsia felis, were detected including i) R. felis California 2 in Ctenocephalides canis from rodents and ii) R. felis RF2125 in Archeopsylla erinacei from hedgehogs.

Author Notes

Reprint requests: Didier Raoult, Unité des Rickettsies, CNRS UMR 6020, Faculté de Médecine, Université de la Méditerranée, 27 Bd. Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France, Telephone: (33) 4 91 32 43 75, Fax: (33) 4 91 83 03 90, E-mail: didier.Raoult@medecine.univ-mrs.fr.
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