• 1

    Dedet JP, 1990. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in French Guiana: a review. Am J Trop Med Hyg 43 :25–28.

  • 2

    Carme B, Aznar C, Pradinaud R, 2001. Absence of a proven resurgence of Chagas disease or cutaneous leishmaniasis in French Guiana over the last two decades. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 95 :623–625.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3

    Rotureau B, 2006. Ecology of the Leishmania species in the Guianan ecoregion complex. Am J Trop Med Hyg 74 :81–96.

  • 4

    Basset D, Pratlong F, Ravel C, Puechberty J, Dereure J, Dedet J, 2001. Les leishmanioses déclarées en France en 1999. Bull Epidemiol Hebdomadaire 5 :19–20.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5

    Dedet JP, Gay F, Chatenay G, 1989. Isolation of Leishmania species from wild mammals in French Guiana. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 83 :613–615.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Voss RS, Lunde DP, Simmons NB, 2001. The mammals of Paracou, French Guiana: A Neotropical lowland rainforest fauna. Part 2: Nonvolant species. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 263 :1–236.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7

    Charles-Dominique P, Brosset A, Jouard S, 2001. Les Chauves-Souris de Guyane. Paris: Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.

  • 8

    Mutinga MJ, 1975. The animal reservoir of cutaneous leishmaniasis on Mount Elgon, Kenya. East Afr Med J 52 :142–151.

  • 9

    Rajendran P, Chatterjee SN, Dhanda V, Dhiman RC, 1985. Observations on the role of vespertilionid bats in relation to non-human vertebrate reservoir in Indian kalaazar. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 28 :153–158.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10

    Morsy TA, Salama MM, Abdel Hamid MY, 1987. Detection of Leishmania antibodies in bats. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 17 :797– 798.

  • 11

    Lampo M, Feliciangeli MD, Marquez LM, Bastidas C, Lau P, 2000. A possible role of bats as a blood source for the Leishmania vector Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae). Am J Trop Med Hyg 62 :718–719.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12

    Rotureau B, Gego A, Carme B, 2005. Trypanosomatid protozoa: a simplified DNA isolation procedure. Exp Parasitol 111 :207–209.

  • 13

    Rotureau B, Ravel C, Couppié P, Pratlong F, Nacher M, Dedet J-P, Carme B, 2005. PCR-RFLP to identify the main New World Leishmania species: taxonomic properties, polymorphism and applications to clinical samples. J Clin Microbiol: (in press).

  • 14

    Dedet JP, Pradinaud R, Gay F, 1989. Epidemiological aspects of human cutaneous leishmaniasis in French Guiana. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 83 :616–620.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15

    Post RJ, Millest AL, 1991. Sample size in parasitological and vector surveys. Parasitol Today 7 :141.

  • 16

    Simmons NB, Voss RS, 1998. The mammals of Paracou, French Guiana: A Neotropical lowland rainforest fauna. Part 1. Bats. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 237 :1–219.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17

    Memmott J, 1991. Sandfly distribution and abundance in a tropical rain forest. Med Vet Entomol 5 :403–411.

  • 18

    Christensen HA, Herrer A, 1975. Lutzomyia vespertilionis (Diptera: Psychodidae): potential vector of chiropteran trypanosomes in Panama. J Med Entomol 12 :477–478.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Ward RD, Lainson R, Shaw JJ, 1978. Some methods for membrane feeding of laboratory reared, neotropical sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). Ann Trop Med Parasitol 72 :269–276.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20

    Emmons LH, 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals. A Field Guide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • 21

    Eisenberg JF, 1989. Mammals of the Neotropics. The Northern Neotropics. Volume 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Past two years Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 158 57 12
PDF Downloads 47 27 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

ABSENCE OF LEISHMANIA IN GUIANAN BATS

BRICE ROTUREAULaboratoire Hospitalo-Universitaire de Parasitologie et Mycologie Médicale, Equipe EA 3593, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Médecine de l’Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana; Unité Mixte de Recherche 555, Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution–Montpellier, Université de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France

Search for other papers by BRICE ROTUREAU in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
FRANÇOIS CATZEFLISLaboratoire Hospitalo-Universitaire de Parasitologie et Mycologie Médicale, Equipe EA 3593, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Médecine de l’Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana; Unité Mixte de Recherche 555, Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution–Montpellier, Université de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France

Search for other papers by FRANÇOIS CATZEFLIS in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
BERNARD CARMELaboratoire Hospitalo-Universitaire de Parasitologie et Mycologie Médicale, Equipe EA 3593, Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Médecine de l’Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana; Unité Mixte de Recherche 555, Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution–Montpellier, Université de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France

Search for other papers by BERNARD CARME in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Studying the ecology of Leishmania parasites is essential for understanding and controlling the epidemiology of the diseases they cause. Despite their abundance and diversity in neotropical forests, few studies have been conducted to investigate the potential involvement of Chiroptera in the Leishmania pathogenic complexes. However, phlebotomine sand flies are known to colonize the same anthropized habitat, are attracted to bats, and are able to transmit trypanosomatids. Thus, 216 bats representing 29 species were sampled in the field in different primary and secondary forests of French Guiana where human cutaneous leishmaniases have been reported, together with 62 non-volant mammals. A series of 411 tissue samples representing 47 mammalian species were cultured and screened for the presence of Leishmania spp. by a genus-specific polymerase chain reaction. All 278 individuals surveyed were negative. Thus, bats do not appear to be involved in the Leishmania parasitic cycles in the Guyanas.

Save