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    Breitschwerdt EB, Hegarty BC, Maggi R, Hawkins E, 2005. Bartonella species as a potential cause of epistaxis in dogs. J Clin Microbiol 43 :2529–2533.

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    Chang CC, Kasten RW, Chomel BB, Simpson DC, Hew CM, Kordick DL, Heller R, Piedmont Y, Breitschwerdt ED, 2000. Coyotes (Canis latrans) as the reservoir for a human pathogenic Bartonella sp.: molecular epidemiology of Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii infection in coyotes from central coastal California. J Clin Microbiol 38 :4193–4200.

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    Muller S, Boulouis HJ, Viallard J, Beugnet F, 2004. Epidemiological survey of canine bartonellosis to Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii and canine monocytic ehrlichiosis in dogs on the island of Reunion. Rev Med Vet 155 :377–380.

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    Chang CC, Chomel BB, Kasten RW, Romano V, Tietze N, 2001. Molecular evidence of Bartonella spp. in questing adult Ixodes pacificus ticks in California. J Clin Microbiol 39 :1221–1226.

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    Pappalardo BL, Correa MT, York CC, Peat CY, Breitschwerdt EB, 1997. Epidemiologic evaluation of the risk factors associated with exposure and seroreactivity to Bartonella vinsonii in dogs. Am J Vet Res 58 :467–471.

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ANTIBODIES TO BARTONELLA VINSONII SUBSP. BERKHOFFII IN MOROCCAN DOGS

JENNIFER B. HENNDepartment of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California; College of Veterinary Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California

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BRIAN A. VANHORNDepartment of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California; College of Veterinary Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California

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RICKIE W. KASTENDepartment of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California; College of Veterinary Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California

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MALIKA KACHANIDepartment of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California; College of Veterinary Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California

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BRUNO B. CHOMELDepartment of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California; College of Veterinary Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California

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Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii is a fastidious microorganism that has been recognized as an emerging human and canine pathogen. We report for the first time on the prevalence of antibodies to B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii in domestic dogs from Morocco. The overall seroprevalence was 38% (56 of 147 dogs tested). Most of the seropositive dogs were stray dogs from Rabat (36%, 8 of 22) and Khenifra (47%, 47 of 101). Antibodies against B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii were found infrequently among pet dogs from Rabat (4%, 1 of 24).

Author Notes

Reprint requests: Bruno B. Chomel, Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, Telephone: 530-752-8112, Fax: 530-752-2377, E-mail: bbchomel@ucdavis.edu.
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