• 1

    Albert MJ, Soenarto Y, Bishop RF, 1982. Epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, as revealed by electrophoresis of genome RNA. J Clin Microbiol 16 :731–733.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2

    Yolken RH, Wyatt RG, Zissis G, Brandt CD, Rodriguez WJ, Kim HW, Parrott RH, Urrutia JJ, Mata L, Greenberg HB, Kapikian AZ, Chanock RM, 1978. Epidemiology of human rotavirus types 1 and 2 as studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. N Engl J Med 299 :1156–1161.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3

    Barnes GL, Uren E, Stevens KB, Bishop RF, 1998. Etiology of acute gastroenteritis in hospitalized children in Melbourne, Australia, from April 1980 to March 1993. J Clin Microbiol 36 :133–138.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4

    Parashar UD, Bresee JS, Gentsch JR, Glass RI, 1998. Rotavirus. Emerg Infect Dis 4 :561–570.

  • 5

    Bishop RF, Unicomb LE, Sunarto Y, Suwardji H, Ristanto, Barnes GL, 1989. Rotavirus serotypes causing acute diarrhoea in hospitalized children in Yogyakarta, Indonesia during 1978–1979. Arch Virol 107 :207–213.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Chin J, ed., 2000. Rotaviral enteritis. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. 17th edition. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 215–218.

  • 7

    Taniguchi K, Wakasugi F, Pongsuwanna Y, Urasawa T, Ukae S, Chiba S, Urasawa S, 1992. Identification of human and bovine rotavirus serotypes by polymerase chain reaction. Epidemiol Infect 109 :303–312.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    Falcone E, Tarantino M, Di Trani L, Cordioli P, Lavazza A, Tollis M, 1999. Determination of bovine rotavirus G and P serotypes in Italy by PCR. J Clin Microbiol 37 :3879–3882.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9

    Simanjuntak CH, Larasati W, Arjoso S, Putri M, Lesmana M, Oyofo BA, Sukri N, Nurdin D, Kusumaningrum RP, Punjabi NH, Subekti D, Djelantik S, Sukarma, Sriwati, Muzahar, Lubis A, Siregar H, Mas’ud B, Abdi M, Sumardiati A, Wibisana, S, Hendrawanto, Setiawan B, Santoso W, Putra E, Sarumpaet S, Ma’ani H, Lebron C, Soeparmanto SA, Campbell JR, Corwin AL, 2001. Cholera in Indonesia in 1993–1999. Am J Trop Med Hyg 65 :788–797.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10

    Abbaszadegan M, Stewart P, LeChevallier M, 1999. A strategy for detection of viruses in groundwater by PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol 65 :444–449.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11

    Gratacap-Cavallier B, Genoulaz O, Brengel-Pesce K, Soule H, Innocenti-Francillard P, Bost M, Gofti L, Zmirou D, Seigneurin JM, 2000. Detection of human and animal rotavirus sequences in drinking water. Appl Environ Microbiol 66 :2690–2692.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12

    Oyofo BA, Subekti D, Tjaniadi P, Machpud N, Komalarini S, Setiawan B, Simanjuntak C, Punjabi N, Corwin AL, Wasfy M, Campbell JR, Lesmana M, 2002. Enteropathogens associated with acute diarrhea in community and hospital patients in Jakarta, Indonesia. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 34 :139–146.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13

    Subekti D, Lesmana M, Tjaniadi P, Safari N, Frazier E, Simanjuntak C, Komalarini S, Taslim J, Campbell JR, Oyofo BA, 2002. Incidence of Norwalk-like viruses, rotavirus and adenovirus infection in patients with acute gastroenteritis in Jakarta, Indonesia. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 33 :27–33.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Past two years Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 176 62 14
PDF Downloads 21 11 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

A LARGE OUTBREAK OF PROBABLE ROTAVIRUS IN NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, INDONESIA

ANDREW L. CORWINU.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia; National Institute of Health Research and Development, and Centers for Communicable Diseases Prevention and Environmental Health, Indonesian Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Search for other papers by ANDREW L. CORWIN in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
DECY SUBEKTIU.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia; National Institute of Health Research and Development, and Centers for Communicable Diseases Prevention and Environmental Health, Indonesian Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Search for other papers by DECY SUBEKTI in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
NONO C. SUKRIU.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia; National Institute of Health Research and Development, and Centers for Communicable Diseases Prevention and Environmental Health, Indonesian Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Search for other papers by NONO C. SUKRI in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
RONALD J. WILLYU.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia; National Institute of Health Research and Development, and Centers for Communicable Diseases Prevention and Environmental Health, Indonesian Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Search for other papers by RONALD J. WILLY in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
JOHN MASTERU.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia; National Institute of Health Research and Development, and Centers for Communicable Diseases Prevention and Environmental Health, Indonesian Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Search for other papers by JOHN MASTER in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
EKO PRIYANTOU.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia; National Institute of Health Research and Development, and Centers for Communicable Diseases Prevention and Environmental Health, Indonesian Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Search for other papers by EKO PRIYANTO in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
KANTI LARASU.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta, Indonesia; National Institute of Health Research and Development, and Centers for Communicable Diseases Prevention and Environmental Health, Indonesian Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

Search for other papers by KANTI LARAS in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

An outbreak of acute diarrheal disease was reported in Kupang, Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, in August 2002. An investigative team carried out a retrospective historical review of records, and a case-control study involving data and specimen collections. Etiologic determination involving stool specimens was based on an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, with a reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction performed for serotyping purposes. Two thousand six hundred probable cases were identified from hospital records during the outbreak months of June, July, August, and September 2002. Previous enteric outbreaks were recognized from the same months in the preceding years and all annual outbreak episodes following a period of prolonged, low rainfall. In contrast to previous outbreaks discerned from trend analysis, the overwhelming burden of disease fell upon the pediatric population versus the young and old in previous outbreak instances. Rotavirus was found to be the causative etiology, with serotype 1 predominating.

Author Notes

Reprint requests: Andrew L. Corwin, Emerging Diseases Program, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, FPO AP 96520-8132, Telephone: +62-21-421-4457, Fax: 62-21-424-4507, E-mail: corwinal@namru2.org and corwinal2e@yahoo.com.
Save