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  • 1 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait; Department of Surgery, Infection Control Department, and Intensive Care Unit, Mubarak Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait; Microbiology Laboratories, Farwania Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait; Department of Zoology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Entomology Department, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
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Myiasis, the invasion of live human tissue by larvae of Diptera, is reported in the nasopharynx and a leg wound in two patients who were hospitalized for more than 72 hours in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Teaching Hospital in Kuwait City, Kuwait. On the fourth and fifth days after a 10-year-old Kuwaiti boy was admitted to the hospital intensive care unit in a bloodied and comatose state following a traffic accident, ‘worms’ that came out of his nostrils were fixed, cleared, and identified as second and third instar of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae). After 14 days, ‘worms’ were seen in the original dressing of a 35-year-old Iranian man admitted to the Orthopedic Unit of the hospital with multiple lacerations and fractures. The larvae, in various stages of development, were identified as those of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae). Since the presence of larvae in both patients was recorded after a stay of at least 3–4 days in the hospital, by definition, these infestations are considered nosocomial.