• 1

    Guzman MG, Kouri G, 2002. Dengue: an update. Lancet Infect Dis 2 :33–42.

  • 2

    Jacobs M, 2000. Dengue: Emergence as a global public health problem and prospects for control. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94 :7–8.

  • 3

    Rodhain F, Rosen L, 1997. Mosquito vectors and dengue virus-vector relationships. Gubler DJ, Kuno G, eds. Dengue and Dengue Hemorrahgic Fever. New York: CAB International, 45–60.

  • 4

    Caetano MAL, Yoneyama T, 2001. Optimal and sub-optimal control in dengue epidemics. Optimal Control Applic Methods 22 :63–73.

  • 5

    Gratz NG, 1999. Emerging and resurging vector-borne diseases. Annu Rev Entomol 44 :51–75.

  • 6

    Russell BM, Wang J, Williams Y, Hearnden MN, Kay BH, 2001. Laboratory evaluation of two native fishes from tropical North Queensland as biological control agents of subterranean Aedes aegypti.J Am Mosq Control Assoc 17 :124–126.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7

    Kay BH, Nam VS, Tien TV, Yen NT, Phong TV, Diep VTB, Ninh TU, Bektas A, Aaskov JG, 2002. Control of Aedes vectors of dengue in three provinces of Vietnam by use of Mesocyclops (Copepoda) and community-based methods validated by entomologic, clinical, and serological surveillance. Am J Trop Med Hyg 66 :40–48.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    Micieli MV, Garcia JJ, Andreadis TG, 2001. Epizootiological studies of Amblyospora albifasciati (Microsporidiida: Amblyosporidae) in natural populations of Aedes albifasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and Mesocyclops annulatus (Copepoda: Cyclopidae) in a transient floodwater habitat. J Invertebr Pathol 77 :68–74.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9

    Seleena P, Lee HL, Chiang YF, 2001. Thermal application of Bacillus thuringiensis serovar israelensis for dengue vector control. J Vector Ecol 26 :110–113.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10

    Riviere F, Kay BH, Klein JM, Sechan Y, 1987. Mesocyclops aspericornis (Copepoda) and Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis for the biological control of Aedes and Culex vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) breeding in crab holes, tree holes, and artificial containers. J Med Entomol 24 :425–430.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11

    Gubler DJ, Reiter P, Ebi KL, Yap W, Nasci R, Patz JA, 2001. Climate variability and change in the United States: Potential impacts on vector- and rodent-borne diseases. Environ Health Perspect 109 :223–233.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12

    Tietze NS, Hester PG, Shaffer KR, Prescott SJ, Schreiber ET, 1994. Integrated management of waste tire mosquitoes utilizing Mesocyclops longisetus (Copepoda: Cyclopidae), Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis, Bacillus sphaericus, and methoprene. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 10: 363–373.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13

    Wang CH, Chang NT, Wu HH, Ho CM, 2000. Integrated control of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in Liu-Chiu Village, Ping-Tung County, Taiwan. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 16 :93–99.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14

    Hurlbut HS, 1938. Copepod observed preying on first instar larva of Anopheles quadrimaculatus.J Parasitol 24 :281.

  • 15

    Riviere F, Thirel R, 1981. La predation du copepods Mesocyclops leuckarti pilosa sur les larves de Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti et Ae. St. polynesiensis essais preliminaires d’utilization comme de lutte biologique. Entomophaga 26 :427–439.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16

    Williamson CE, 1999. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. San Diego, Academic Press, Inc., 787–822.

  • 17

    Marten GG, Astaiza R, Suarez MF, Monje C, Reid JW, 1989. Natural control of larval Anopheles albuminus (Diptera: Culicidae) by the predator Mesocyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopoida). J Med Entomol 26 :624–627.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18

    Manrique-Saide P, Ibanez-Bernal S, Delfin-Gonzalez H, Parra Tabla V, 1998. Mesocyclops longisetus effects on survivorship of Aedes aegypti immature stages in car tyres. Med Vet Entomol 12 :386–390.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Schaper S, 1999. Evaluation of Costa Rican copepods (Crustacea: Eudecapoda) for larval Aedes aegypti control with special reference to Mesocyclops thermocyclopoides.J Am Mosq Control Assoc 15 :510–519.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20

    Rawlins SC, Martinez R, Wiltshire S, Clarke D, Prabhakar P, Spinks M, 1997. Evaluation of Caribbean strains of Macrocyclops and Mesocyclops (Cyclopoida: Cyclopidae) as biological control tools for the dengue vector Aedes aegypti.J Am Mosq Control Assoc 13 :18–23.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21

    Lardeux F, Riviere F, Sechan Y, Kay BH, 1992. Release of Mesocyclops aspericornis (Copepoda) for control of larval Aedes polynesiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in land crab burrows on an atoll of French Polynesia. J Med Entomol 29 :571–576.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22

    Nam VS, Yen NT, Holynska M, Reid JW, Kay BH, 2000. National progress in dengue vector control in Vietnam: survey for Mesocyclops (Copepoda), Micronecta (Corixidae), and fish as biological control agents. Am J Trop Med Hyg 62 :5–10.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23

    Russell BM, Muir LE, Weinstein P, Kay BH, 1996. Surveillance of the mosquito Aedes aegypti and its biocontrol with the copepod Mesocyclops aspericornis in Australian wells and gold mines. Med Vet Entomol 10 :155–160.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24

    Kay BH, Cabral CP, Sleigh AC, Brown MD, Ribeiro ZM, Vasconcelos AW, 1992. Laboratory evaluation of Brazilian Mesocyclops (Copepoda: Cyclopidae) for mosquito control. J Med Entomol 29 :599–602.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25

    Charles JF, Nielsen-LeRoux C, 2000. Mosquitocidal bacterial toxins: diversity, mode of action and resistance phenomena. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 95 :201–206.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26

    Batra CP, Mittal PK, Adak T, 2000. Control of Aedes aegypti breeding in desert coolers and tires by use of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis formulation. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 16 :321–323.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27

    Nayar JK, Knight JW, Ali A, Carlson DB, O’Bryan PD, 1999. Laboratory evaluation of biotic and abiotic factors that may influence larvicidal activity of Bacillus thuringiensis serovar israelensis against two Florida mosquito species. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 15 :32–42.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28

    Regis L, Silva-Filha MH, Nielsen-LeRoux C, Charles JF, 2001. Bacteriological larvicides of dipteran disease vectors. Trends Parasitol 17 :377–380.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29

    Boisvert M, Boisvert J, 2000. Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis on target and nontarget organisms: a review of laboratory and field experiments. Biocontrol Sci Technol 10 :517–561.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30

    Dickman M, 2000. Impacts of a mosquito selective pesticide, Bti, on the macroinvertebrates of a subtropical stream in Hong Kong. Chemosphere 41 :209–217.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31

    Myasnik M, Manasherob R, Ben-Dov E, Zaritsky A, Margalith Y, Barak Z, 2001. Comparative sensitivity to UV-B radiation of two Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies and other Bacillus sp. Curr Microbiol 43 :140–143.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32

    Thiery I, Hamon S, 1998. Bacterial control of mosquito larvae: Investigation of stability of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis and Bacillus sphaericus standard powders. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 14 :472–476.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33

    Vu SN, Nguyen TY, Kay BH, Marten GG, Reid JW, 1998. Eradication of Aedes aegypti from a village in Vietnam, using copepods and community participation. Am J Trop Med Hyg 59 :657–660.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34

    Marten GG, 1990. Elimination of Aedes albopictus from tire piles by introducing Macrocyclops albidus (Copepoda, Cyclopidae). J Am Mosq Control Assoc 6 :689–693.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35

    Marten GG, Borjas G, Cush M, Fernandez E, Reid JW, 1994. Control of larval Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) by cyclopoid copepods in peridomestic breeding containers. J Med Entomol 31 :36–44.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 36

    Lawler SP, Jensen T, Dritz DA, Wichterman G, 1999. Field efficacy and nontarget effects of the mosquito larvicides temephos, methoprene, and Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis in Florida mangrove swamps. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 15 :446–452.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 37

    Rey D, Long A, Pautou MP, Meyran JC, 1998. Comparative histopathology of some diptera and crustacea of aquatic alpine ecosystems, after treatment with Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis.Entomol Exp Applic 88 :255–263.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 38

    Tun-Lin W, Burkot TR, Kay BH, 2000. Effects of temperature and larval diet on development rates and survival of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in north Queensland, Australia. Med Vet Entomol 14 :31–37.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 39

    Agnew P, Hide M, Sidobre C, Michalakis Y, 2002. A minimalist approach to the effects of density-dependent competition on insect life-history traits. Ecol Entomol 27 :396–402.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

 

 

 

 

ENHANCEMENT OF THE EFFICACY OF A COMBINATION OF MESOCYCLOPS ASPERICORNIS AND BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS VAR. ISRAELENSIS BY COMMUNITY-BASED PRODUCTS IN CONTROLLING AEDES AEGYPTI LARVAE IN THAILAND

View More View Less
  • 1 Center for Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Department of Biotechnology, and Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Prolonged efficacy of a combination of bacteria (Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis [Bti] and copepods (Mesocyclops aspericornis) in controlling immature forms of Aedes aegypti in peridomestic water containers was achieved by adding various products from local villages as supplementary food for copepods. In all experiments, 100 first-instar larvae were added into the breeding containers every day for eight weeks. Combinations of biological control agents and each local supplementary food were applied once at the beginning of the experiment. At the end of the experiment, the average number of mosquito larvae in containers with a combination of copepods and Bti with one gram of rice grain had decreased to only 0.5% of that with no control agent. In comparison, the average numbers of mosquito larvae in containers with Bti only, or copepods only, were approximately 10% and 33% of those in containers with no control agents, respectively. In addition, the number of copepods in containers with mosquito larvae and supplementary food was at least three times higher than those with mosquito larvae alone.

Author Notes

Reprint requests: Pattamaporn Kittayapong, Center for Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Rama 6 Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand, Tel: +662 201 5935, Fax: +662 201 5923, E-mail: grpkt@mahidol.ac.th.
Save