INSECTICIDE-TREATED BED NETS

BERNARD L. NAHLEN Roll Back Malaria, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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JOHN PAUL CLARK Roll Back Malaria, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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DAVID ALNWICK Roll Back Malaria, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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Author Notes

  • 1

    World Health Organization, 2000. WHO Expert Committee on Malaria: Twentieth Report. Geneva: World Health Organization.

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  • 2

    Gallup JL, Sachs JD, 2001. The economic burden of malaria. Am J Trop Med Hyg 64 :85–96.

  • 3

    Sachs J, Malaney P, 2002. The economic and social burden of malaria. Nature 415 :680–685.

  • 4

    D’Alessandro U, Olaleye BO, McGuire W, Langerock P, Bennett S, Aikins MK, Thomson MC, Cham MK, Cham BA, Greenwood BM, 1995. Mortality and morbidity from malaria in Gambian children after introduction of an impregnated bed-net programme. Lancet 345 :479–483.

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  • 5

    Binka F, Kubaje A, Adjuik M, Williams L, Lengeler C, Maude G, Armah G, Kajihara B, Adiamah J, Smith P, 1996. Impact of permethrin impregnated bednets on child mortality in Kassena-Nankana district, Ghana: a randomized controlled trial. Trop Med Int Health 1 :147–154.

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  • 6

    Habluetzel A, Diallo DA, Esposito F, Lamizana L, Pagnoni F, Lengeler C, Traore C, Cousens SN, 1997. Do insecticide-treated curtains reduce all-cause child mortality in Burkina Faso? Trop Med Int Health 2 :855–862.

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  • 7

    Nevill C, Some E, Mung’ala V, Mutemi W, New L, Marsh K, Lengeler C, Snow R, 1996. Insecticide-treated bednets reduce mortality and severe morbidity from malaria among children on the Kenyan coast. Trop Med Int Health 1 :139–146.

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  • 8

    Lengeler C, 2000. Insecticide-treated bednets and curtains for preventing malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 320 :CD000363.

  • 9

    Nabarro DN, Tayler EM, 1998. The “roll back malaria” campaign. Science 280 :2067–2068.

  • 10

    Roll Back Malaria Cabinet Project, 2000. The African Summit on Roll Back Malaria, Abuja, Nigeria. Geneva: World Health Organization.

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  • 11

    Smith TA, Leuenberger R, Lengeler C, 2001. Child mortality and malaria transmission intensity in Africa. Trends Parasitol 17 :145–149.

  • 12

    Snow RW, Omumbo JA, Lowe B, Molyneux CS, Obiero JO, Palmer A, Weber MW, Pinder M, Nahlen B, Obonyo C, Newbold C, Gupta S, Marsh K, 1997. Relation between severe malaria morbidity in children and level of Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Africa. Lancet 349 :1650–1654.

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  • 13

    Binka FN, Indome F, Smith T, 1998. Impact of spatial distribution of permethrin-impregnated bed nets on child mortality in rural northern Ghana. Am J Trop Med Hyg 59 :80–85.

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  • 14

    Howard SC, Omumbo J, Nevill C, Some ES, Donnelly CA, Snow RW, 2000. Evidence for a mass community effect of insecticide-treated bednets on the incidence of malaria on the Kenyan coast. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94 :357–360.

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  • 15

    Ilboudo-Sanogo E, Cuzin-Ouattara N, Diallo DA, Cousens SN, Esposito F, Habluetzel A, Sanon S, Ouedraogo AP, 2001. Insecticide-treated materials, mosquito adaptation and mass effect: entomological observations after five years of vector control in Burkina Faso. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95 :353–360.

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  • 16

    Schellenberg JR, Abdulla S, Nathan R, Mukasa O, Marchant TJ, Kikumbih N, Mushi AK, Mponda H, Minja H, Mshinda H, Tanner M, Lengeler C, 2001. Effect of large-scale social marketing of insecticide-treated nets on child survival in rural Tanzania. Lancet 357 :1241–1247.

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