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SHORT REPORT: DISTRIBUTION AND FEEDING PREFERENCE OF THE SAND FLIES PHLEBOTOMUS SERGENTI AND P. PAPATASI IN A CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS FOCUS IN SANLIURFA, TURKEY

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  • 1 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; Department of Microbiology/ Immunology, University of the Health Sciences/Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, Illinois
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Sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) and rodents were collected in the endemic focus of urban cutaneous leishmaniasis in Sanliurfa, Turkey. Phlebotomus sergenti and P. papatasi represented 99% of the sand fly population. These flies were trapped in highest numbers in animal sheds, followed by cellars. However, P. sergenti was relatively more abundant in rooms. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of the gut contents from blood-fed females detected immunoglobulins specific to birds and mammals, suggesting that both species are opportunistic feeders, although poultry is a frequent blood source of P. sergenti. Blood sources include black rats (Rattus rattus) and house mice (Mus domesticus); these rodents are abundant inside houses, and might have a role in parasite circulation.

Author Notes

Reprint requests: Milena Svobodová, Department of Parasitology, Charles University, Faculty of Science, Vinicná 7, CZ-128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, Telephone: 420-2-2195-1814, Fax: 420-2-2491-9704, E-mail: milena@natur.cuni.cz
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