A Dietary Survey in the Santa Cruz Area of Bolivia

Ruth L. HuenemannDepartment of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Service Cooperativo Interamericano de Salud Publica, Boston, Bolivia

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Hans A. ScholesDepartment of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Service Cooperativo Interamericano de Salud Publica, Boston, Bolivia

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Bruch T. ScholesDepartment of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Service Cooperativo Interamericano de Salud Publica, Boston, Bolivia

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Robert T. ScholesDepartment of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Service Cooperativo Interamericano de Salud Publica, Boston, Bolivia

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Summary

A seven-day dietary survey of a random sample of twenty households and twelve post-weaning children in the Santa Cruz area of Bolivia showed generally low intake of calcium, riboflavin, thiamine and vitamin A. Calories and the remaining nutrients for which calculations were made, i.e., protein, iron, and ascorbic acid, were also low in some cases. Diets of farm labor households tended to be lower in nutrient content than those of farm-owner and urban households. Diets of the post-weaning children, ranging in age from one to four years, compared less favorably with recommended allowances than did those of households. Rice, yuca, refined bread, coffee, sugar, and varying amounts of meat constituted the major portion of all diets. A few families ate vegetables and fruits in addition, and some used very small amounts of milk. A program of home food production and possible changes in food preparation and buying practices are suggested as ways of improving dietaries.

Author Notes

Present address: School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley.

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