Dengue epidemics have been occurring in the Caribbean and Central and South America, including Mexico. In 1995, the proximity of these epidemics increased the possibility of cases occurring in Texas. In response, medical and community educational materials were distributed and active surveillance for dengue cases was initiated. By the end of the year, sera from more than 360 patients were tested for anti-dengue antibody. Twenty-nine cases were detected statewide; seven cases in southern Texas were locally acquired.