Experimental pulmonary fibrosis induced by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis conidia: measurement of local host responses.

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  • 1 Corporacion para Investigaciones Biologicas, Medellin, Colombia.
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Pulmonary fibrosis was induced following inoculation of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis conidia intranasally in BALB/c mice. Fibrosis was associated with formation of granulomas, increase in lung hydroxyproline, and sustained increases in tissue tumor necrosis factor-alpha and transforming growth factor-beta. This study suggests a role for these cytokines in generation of pulmonary fibrosis associated with chronic granulomatous infectious diseases.