Short Report: Evidence of Worldwide Transmission of Hepatitis G Virus

Andrew L. Corwin U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Kenneth C. Hyams U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Jungsuh P. Kim U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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John Wages U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Robert Doss U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Ali Sulaiman U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Benjamin Mitchell U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Ray Arthur U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Samir Bassily U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Narain H. Punjabi U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Kanti Laras U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Dao Dinh Duc U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Douglas Watts U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2), Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) Bethesda, Genelabs Technologies, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Environmental Preventive Medicine Unit-6, NAMRU-3, Institute of Clinical Research in Tropical Medicine, Bach Mai Hospital, U.S. Naval Medical Research Detachment, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Hepatitis G virus (HGV) has been recently documented in the Americas, Europe, and Australia. Distinct risk populations from North Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia were screened for HGV, in addition to hepatitis B and C viruses. First time recognition of HGV is described from Egypt and Indonesia. Notable is the high proportion of HGV positive individuals among multiply transfused children, ranging from 24% of those sampled from Egypt to 32% in Indonesia. Also, data from Peru suggest the likely association of HGV infection with progressive liver disease. Hepatitis G virus should be considered a world-wide health concern.

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