Characterization of Oliveros Virus, a New Member of the Tacaribe Complex (Arenaviridae: Arenavirus)

James N. MillsNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Julio G. Barrera OroNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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David S. BresslerNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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James E. ChildsNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Robert B. TeshNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Jonathan F. SmithNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Delia A. EnriaNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Thomas W. GeisbertNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Kelly T. McKee Jr.National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Michael D. BowenNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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C. J. PetersNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Peter B. JahrlingNational Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas, Womack Army Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia

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Oliveros virus is an agent isolated in cell culture from Bolomys obscurus (Rodentia, Muridae, Sigmodontinae) captured on the central Argentine pampa. Oliveros virus was shown to be related to members of the Tacaribe complex of the family Arenaviridae by immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) tests, electrophoretic pattern of viral proteins, and morphology as observed by electron microscopy. It was distinct from 12 other arenaviruses by a combination of plaque-reduction neutralization tests, comparison of endpoint titers among cross-IFA tests, and comparison of viral RNA sequence data. This agent is the third new arenavirus from South America described within the last three years.

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