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The Santa Lucia strain of Plasmodium falciparum and the Aotus lemurinus griseimembra monkey are proposed as models for the testing of sporozoite vaccines and transmission-blocking vaccines. Approximately 85% of splenectomized monkeys were infected when fed upon by 10 or more heavily infected Anopheles freeborni mosquitoes. Sporozoite-induced infections in monkeys with or without previous infection with P. vivax readily infected mosquitoes, thus making them candidates for testing transmission-blocking vaccines.