Missionaries of Science: The Rockefeller Foundation and Latin America

edited by Marcos Cueto, 171 pages. Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis, Indiana. 1994. $24.95

Robert W. Lennox Medical Service Corporation International, 1716 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22209

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Missionaries of Science is a collection of seven essays that recount the interactions between U.S. scientists of the Rockefeller Foundation and the scientists, politicians, and people of several Latin American countries in the first half of the twentieth century. The collection is unique in that it concentrates on the perceptions and viewpoints of the recipients of the philanthropy rather than the donors.

Five of these essays were presented at a conference entitled “Science, Philanthropy and Latin America: Cross-Cultural Encounters in the Twentieth Century” held at the Rockefeller Archive Center in Tarrytown, New York in 1991. Two additional chapters were included because they share the perspective of the conference.

Marcos Cueto is a researcher and medical historian at the Instituto de Estudios Peruanos in Lima, Peru. He and six colleagues reviewed the holdings of the Rockefeller Archive Center as well as the institutional archives of the concerned countries.