Isolation of the Causative Agent of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

L. H. ElliottSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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T. G. KsiazekSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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P. E. RollinSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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C. F. SpiropoulouSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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S. MorzunovSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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M. MonroeSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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C. S. GoldsmithSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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C. D. HumphreySpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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S. R. ZakiSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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J. W. KrebsSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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G. MaupinSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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K. GageSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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J. E. ChildsSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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S. T. NicholSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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C. J. PetersSpecial Pathogens Branch, Molecular Pathology and Ultrastructure Activities, Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, and Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia and Fort Collins, Colorado

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Investigation of a recent outbreak of acute respiratory illness in the southwestern United States resulted in the recognition of a new disease, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) with high mortality. Different animals and cell lines were used in attempts to isolate the causative agent. A previously unknown hantavirus was passaged in laboratory-bred deer mice, recovered from lung tissues of a deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus, and propagated in the E6 clone of Vero cells. Virus antigen was readily detected in the infected cells by an indirect immunofluorescence assay, using convalescent-phase sera from HPS patients. By electron microscopy, the virus was shown to have the typical morphologic features of members of the genus Hantavirus, family Bunyaviridae. Virus sequences corresponded to those previously detected by a nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay of hantavirus-infected specimens from rodents and humans. This newly recognized virus, the etiologic agent of HPS, has been tentatively named Muerto Canyon virus.

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