A Rapid Sporozoite Elisa Using 3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine as the Substrate Chromogen

Melinda LeeU.S. Army Medical Research Unit, Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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Bruce A. HarrisonU.S. Army Medical Research Unit, Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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George E. Lewis Jr.U.S. Army Medical Research Unit, Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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A modified version of the standard 2-site sporozoite enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) as the substrate chromogen solution was adapted for rapid detection and identification of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax circumsporozoite (CS) proteins. The TMB-ELISA was evaluated using sporozoites from experimentally infected mosquitoes and laboratory colonized uninfected mosquitoes. Our data indicate comparable sensitivity levels between the TMB-ELISA and the standard ELISA, i.e., 50 P. falciparum or P. vivax sporozoites/50 µl of test solution. Reactions inherent to the method were specific and background reactivity was minimal. The TMB-ELISA is rapid (1 hr), simple, uses a minimal amount of monoclonal antibodies, and is suitable for use in a wide range of laboratoires.

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