edited by W. H. Taliaferro, Division of Biological and Medical Research, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, and J. H. Humphrey, National Institute of Medical Research, London, England. Vol. 1, x + 423 pages, illustrated. New York, London, Academic Press. 1961. $12.00
V. Evaluation of Cross-Immunity against Type 1 Dengue Fever in Human Subjects Convalescent from Subclinical Natural Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection and Vaccinated with 17D Strain Yellow Fever Vaccine
Trichomonas vaginalis, grown in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium with or without serum, produced a factor (TVF) which altered the morphology of certain mammalian cells in vitro. TVF had a M, of ≈ 250 kDa by gel filtration, ≈50 kDa by SDSPAGE, and was heat (56°C, 30 min) and pH (>6 or <8) labile. Co-incubation of TVF with adherent target cells caused a marked rounding and clumping of BHK-21 or CHO-K1 cells, but had no effect on RK-13 or WEHI-3 cells. These morphologic changes were concentration, time, and energy dependent. Reversibility was attained by exogenous serum addition (> 10%) or TVF washout. Target cell perturbations were not accompanied by significant changes in growth (as measured by nuclei counts, DNA content, or 3H-thymidine incorporation), in cell leakage (as assessed by lactate dehydrogenase release), or in cell viability (by trypan blue dye exclusion). TVF-induced effects were independent of cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP levels in BHK cells exposed for 5 min-24 hr.