Schistosoma mansoni Antigens Recognized in Biomphalaria glabrata Hemolymph by Monoclonal Antibodies

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  • Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
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In order to identify and characterize Schistosoma mansoni antigens in Biomphalaria glabrata, we examined 19 murine monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) for specific binding to schistosome larvae. None of the murine Mabs induced by infection or by immunization with a crude cercarial antigen (CCA) served this purpose. Two Mabs out of 9 (KCSme22-3 and KCSme22-4) induced by soluble egg antigens reacted with CCA but not with normal snail (NSN) extract. We selected these 2 for studies on detection and characterization of schistosomal antigens in snails. When employed in an ELISA, they differentially detected schistosomal antigens in extracts and cell-free hemolymph (plasma) of infected snails. The selected Mabs bind to cercarial surface as demonstrated by the indirect fluorescent antibody technique (IFAT) with paraformaldehyde-fixed cercariae. The epitopes corresponding to the selected Mabs are periodate sensitive, suggesting the glycoprotein nature of the antigens recognized. Immunoblotting analysis employing the selected Mab revealed 1 antigen in CCA (Mr = 205 kDa) and 3 antigens in snail plasma (Mr = 220 kDa, 180 kDa, and 135 kDa). Schistosomal antigens were first detectable in the snails' plasma 2 weeks after snail infection, and their quantity increased afterwards.