Cross-Neutralization Tests among Cache Valley Virus Isolates Revealing the Existence of Multiple Subtypes

Charles H. Calisher
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Marta S. SabattiniDivision of Vector-Borne Viral Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, P.O. Box 2087, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522-2087

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Thomas P. Monath
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Katherine L. Wolff
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Maguari virus has been classified as a subtype of Cache Valley virus. Seven Bunyamwera serogroup viruses (including prototypes Cache Valley and Maguari viruses), 4 viruses shown in previous tests as close antigenic relatives of Maguari or Cache Valley viruses, and Xingu virus were cross-tested by serum dilution-plaque reduction neutralization. All viruses were distinguishable from prototypes Cache Valley and Maguari viruses. The close antigenic relationships of the Cache Valley-like viruses demonstrate that multiple subtypes of Cache Valley virus exist and suggest that such antigenic variation is a phenotypic expression of considerable genetic diversity.

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