Sera from 68 patients with parasitologically proven strongyloidiasis were tested by the ELISA and IHA tests using larval antigens prepared from Strongyloides stercoralis and Strongyloides ratti. The ELISA using the S. stercoralis antigen detected the greatest number of sero-reactors (83.8%), whereas the IHA using the S. ratti antigen detected the fewest (55.9%). In addition, the S. stercoralis antigen had higher geometric mean titers than the S. ratti antigen in both the ELISA and the IHA tests. Sera from 37 presumed normal individuals also were tested by IHA and ELISA and nonspecific reactions were seen only with the IHA test. When sera from patients with parasitic infections other than strongyloidiasis were tested, the only consistent cross-reactions were with those sera from patients who had occult filariasis and acute schistosomiasis.