Human erythrocytic culture-adapted parasites of the Geneve/SGE-1 strain of Plasmodium falciparum were successfully adapted to grow in an in vitro culture system containing squirrel monkey erythrocytes and serum. These monkey culture-adapted organisms were then used to produce a patent infection in a splenectomized squirrel monkey. Fresh infected blood from this animal was introduced into another splenectomized monkey and was subsequently serially passed through seven intact squirrel monkeys. High level parasitemias (> 10%) were obtained in the animals from the last two passes following inoculation of moderate numbers of parasites. It is anticipated that this squirrel monkey-adapted Geneve/SGE-1 strain of P. falciparum will continue to produce high level parasitemias in intact Bolivian Saimiri, and consequently will be suitable for challenge of these monkeys.