Demonstration of Species-Specific and Cross-Reactive Components of Taenia Solium Metacestode Antigens

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  • * Institute of Parasitology, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland
  • | Helminthic Diseases Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia 30333

Analysis of human serum reactivities to antigenic components of soluble Taenia solium metacestode proteins showed the predominant presence of determinants shared by T. solium, Echinococcus multilocularis and E. granulosus. Two polypeptides were demonstrated by SDS-PAGE and Western blot or enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) assay to bind serum and CSF antibodies only from T. solium cysticercosis patients. These species-specific antigenic polypeptides focused between pH 4.6 and 3.9 after resolution by isoelectric focusing followed by EITB. The high species-specificity demonstrated by the present techniques offers the opportunity to confirm serologically an infection by T. solium metacestode.

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