Diethylcarbamazine-Mediated Clearance of Brugia pahangi Microfilariae in Immunodeficient Nude Mice

Ann C. Vickery
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Jai K. Nayar College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33612

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Mark L. Tamplin
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Congenitally athymic nude C3H/HeN mice, microfilaremic with Brugia pahangi, were treated with diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC). A single oral dose (100 mg/Kg body weight) of DEC resulted in the rapid reduction of numbers of circulating microfilariae in nude, thymus-grafted nude and complement-depleted nude mice. Antibodies of the IgM and IgG isotypes were not detected in the serum of microfilaremic nudes or on the microfilarial surface. These results suggest that DEC-mediated clearance of microfilariae from the circulation of nude mice is probably independent of thymus-dependent immunological mechanisms.

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