The Isolation of Arboviruses including a new Flavivirus and a new Bunyavirus from Ixodes (Ceratixodes) Uriae (Ixodoidea: Ixodidae) Collected at Macquarie Island, Australia, 1975–1979

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  • 1 CSIRO, Division of Tropical Animal Science, Indooroopilly, Brisbane 4068, Queensland, Australia
  • | 2 Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Bramston Terrace, Brisbane 4006, Queensland, Australia
  • | 3 Yale Arbovirus Research Unit, Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
  • | 4 Department of National Parks and Wildlife, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Pools of ticks, Ixodes (Ceratixodes) uriae collected between 1975 and 1979 at Macquarie Island, yielded 33 strains of at least 4 different viruses: Nugget virus (Kemerovo group), 1 strain; Taggert virus (Sakhalin group) 9 strains; a previously undescribed flavivirus, related to Central European Tickborne encephalitis virus, for which the name “Gadgets Gully” is proposed, 9 strains; a virus serologically related to the Uukuniemi serogroup, family Bunyaviridae, for which the name “Precarious Point” is proposed, 10 strains. Three isolates were mixtures of Nugget and Gadgets Gully viruses; the remaining virus strain remains unidentified.