Transovarial Transmission of Dengue Viruses by Mosquitoes: Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti

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  • Arbovirus Program, Pacific Biomedical Research Center, University of Hawaii, Laboratory for Arbovirus Research and Surveillance, Department of Biology, University of Notre Dame, Taiwan Provincial Institute of Infectious Diseases, 3675 Kilauea Avenue, Honolulu, Hawaii 96816
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Transovarial transmission of all four dengue serotypes was demonstrated in Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The rates of such transmission varied with the serotype and strain of virus. In general, the highest rates were observed with strains of dengue type 1 and the lowest with dengue type 3. Surprisingly, despite the use of viral strains of the four dengue serotypes which gave the highest rates with Ae. albopictus, transovarial transmission was observed in Aedes aegypti only with dengue type 1, and then only at a relatively low rate. Five different strains of Ae. aegypti were employed, including one that was known to be relatively susceptible to oral infection with dengue viruses. The findings support the view that Ae. aegypti, while of major importance from the point of view of transmission of dengue to man, may be relatively unimportant in the overall natural history of dengue viruses.