Identification of Distinct Antigenic Determinants on Dengue-2 Virus Using Monoclonal Antibodies

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  • Departments of Biochemistry and Virus Diseases, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C. 20012
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Monoclonal antibodies directed against antigenic determinants of the New Guinea C strain of dengue-2 virus were obtained from lymphocyte hybridomas produced by fusing immune mouse lymphocytes with mouse myeloma cells. Hybridoma cell culture supernatants were screened by using a radioimmunoassay employing detergent-solubilized dengue-2 infected cell antigens. Monoclonal antibodies in ascitic fluids induced by 22 selected hybridomas were characterized by the hemagglutination-inhibition, plaque reduction neutralization, immunofluorescence, and complement-fixation tests. Both type-specific and broadly cross-reactive antibodies were observed, and immunoglobulin subclasses IgG1 and IgG2a were represented in both groups. At least three distinct antigenic determinants on the virion were defined using these antibodies. A single hybridoma produced antibody which recognized a dengue-2 virus type-specific determinant and exhibited high titered neutralization but had a low titer by hemagglutination inhibition. Four preparations reacted with a type-specific determinant and exhibited hemagglutination inhibition but did not neutralize. Seventeen hybridomas produced antibodies which were broadly cross reactive in all tests. Only two preparations reacted by complement fixation with dengue-2 antigens; both were cross reactive. Immunofluorescence specificity or cross reactivity correlated with neutralization and/or hemagglutination-inhibition. The dengue-2 virus type-specific antibody useful for identification of dengue-2 infected cells by immunofluorescence has been deposited in the Hybridoma Cell Bank of the American Type Culture Collection.