Variation in Susceptibility to Oral Infection with Dengue Viruses among Geographic Strains of Aedes Aegypti

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  • U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta Detachment, National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia

The comparative susceptibility of 13 geographic strains of Aedes aegypti to oral infection with dengue viruses was studied by feeding the mosquitoes on a virus-erythrocyte-sugar suspension. Significant variation in susceptibility to four dengue serotypes was observed among the geographic strains tested. Mosquito strains which were more susceptible to one serotype were also more susceptible to the other serotypes, suggesting that the factors controlling susceptibility were the same for all types. The amount of virus required to infect mosquitoes orally varied inversely with the susceptibility of the geographic strain. Thresholds of infection were not the same for dengue types 1, 2, 3 and 4. There was no apparent difference in infectivity between prototype and recently isolated strains of dengue types 1 and 3. Crossing experiments with four geographic strains resulted in hybrid progeny which had the same susceptibility as the resistant parent. No difference was observed between resistant and susceptible mosquito strains in the rate or the amount of viral replication after infection by the parenteral route, or in their ability to transmit dengue 2 virus after infection by the oral route.

Author Notes

Present address: 320 Morrill Hall, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801.