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Nineteen scientists, field workers, and representatives of funding agencies active in schistosomiasis research and control met in Bellagio, Italy in October 1977 to attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of current control methods and what might be accomplished with available technology. The deliberations included summaries of knowledge on the biology, transmission, and control of schistosomiasis and assessment of major control programs and methodologies. The groups concluded that in the major endemic areas considerable gains in control of schistosomiasis could be made with current technology. However, maintenance of control in most countries, and establishment of serious control programs in countries in which schistosomiasis is a less severe public health problem, would require development of less expensive modalities which would need little monitoring and possibly have benefits extending beyond schistosomiasis control.
This paper is dedicated to the memory of the late J. S. Lehman, Jr., M.D. Dr. Lehman reviewed this paper with the co-authors shortly before his death. The workshop was initiated, conceptualized, and planned by Dr. Lehman whose dedication and leadership in the field of schistosomiasis was so untimely ended.