Acute Bacterial Meningitis in Cairo, Arab Republic of Egypt, 1 January 1971 through 31 December 1975

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  • The U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, Cairo, Egypt
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Between 1 January 1971 and 31 December 1975, 1,333 patients with acute bacterial meningitis were admitted to the meningitis ward of the Abbassia Fever Hospital. These cases are tabulated by distribution of diagnosis, seasonal distribution, age and sex distribution, and age-specific case fatality ratio. Results are compared with those of other large series of cases reported from other parts of the world. The annual incidence of acute bacterial meningitis in Egypt varies widely. Recent data show this to be due to variations in the incidence of group A meningococcal meningitis. The study includes the declining phase of an epidemic of that disease and confirms a previously reported finding that the case fatality ratio in group A meningococcal meningitis varies inversely with the annual number of cases.

Author Notes

Present address: Naval Medical Research Institute, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland 20014.