Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Department of Tropical Public Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014
Various epimastigote antigens of Trypanosoma cruzi were compared with an amastigote-trypomastigote antigen from infected cell cultures by complement fixation (CF) and gel diffusion (Ouchterlony). CF results with human Chagasic sera showed that the amastigote-trypomastigote antigen was usually more sensitive than epimastigote antigens tested. In addition, cross-reactions with normal and other sera were no greater and perhaps less frequent than with crude epimastigote antigens. Specificity of the amastigote-trypomastigote antigen, however, was less than with a protein extract of epimastigotes. Gel diffusion results with human Chagasic and hyper-immunized rabbit sera indicated differences between epimastigote and amastigote-trypomastigote antigens whereas differences by CF with the same sera were equivocal.