By Everard L. Napier, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. (Lond.). In charge Kala-azar research, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine. Second edition. 185 pages of text with 15 charts in the text, 18 plates, and an appendix of references to literature, author index and subject index. Oxford University Press. London, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, 1927
A controlled study of the biochemical characteristics and potency of skin-test antigens was conducted on crude mycelial filtrates (1–24 weeks old) of two isolates of Histoplasma duboisii. Results of the study indicate that mycelial filtrates of H. duboisii may be specific for the detection of allergies created by this organism. A mycelial filtrate of Histoplasma capsulatum, H-42, gave a complement-fixation reaction with serum of guinea pigs infected with H. duboisii. Also, immunoelectrophoretic studies indicate that H. duboisii and H. capsulatum have at least one antigen in common, but that the “M” antigen of H. capsulatum differs from that of H. duboisii. The crude mycelial filtrate may be fractionated by ion-exchange chromatography, producing materials which are useful in skin tests. The characteristic development of severe orchitis in male guinea pigs was also observed following intraperitoneal injections of large doses of mycelial fragments and yeast cells of H. duboisii.
Present address: University Ife, Department of Biological Sciences, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.