Apparent Chloroquine-Resistant Falciparum Malaria from Coastal Brazil

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  • Departments of Microbiology and Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32601


An apparent case of chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria was reported from eastern coastal Brazil from the state of Espírito Santo some 550 kms northeast of Rio de Janeiro. This constitutes a new endemic area. The patient was successfully treated with a combination of quinine sulfate, sulfadiazine, and pyrimethamine.