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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that affects different organs, causing multiple complications, including hematological sequelae. One of the most common TB-hematological complications is anemia of chronic disease. Very rarely autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) has been reported as an uncommon manifestation of TB. In this case, we present a female who presented with refractory AIHA, which was attributed to disseminated TB. The patient responded well to steroids, anti-TB medications, and rituximab.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Disclosure: This article was approved by Hamad Medical Corporation Medical Research Center. This research was conducted ethically in accordance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Authors’ addresses: Seham M. Alebbi, Department of Medical Education, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Aalaa Kambal, Clinical Imaging Department, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, E-mail: email@example.com. Hayan Abo Samra and Mouhammad Z. Sharaf Eldean, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. Shehab Fareed Mohamed, Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, National Center for Cancer Care and Research, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar, E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. Shaikha D. Al-Shokri, Department of Medical Education, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar and Department of Internal Medicine, Case Western Reserve University–MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, E-mail: email@example.com.