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Murine Typhus in Latin America: Perspectives of a Once Recognized but Now Neglected Vector-Borne Disease

Álvaro A. Faccini-MartínezResearch Institute, Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS, Bogotá, Colombia;
Servicios y Asesorías en Infectología - SAI, Bogotá, Colombia;

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David H. WalkerDepartment of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas;

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Lucas S. BlantonDepartment of Internal Medicine–Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas

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ABSTRACT.

Murine typhus is an undifferentiated febrile illness. Historically recognized throughout Latin America, it has been seldom reported in recent decades. When clinicians and researchers are attuned, endemic foci have reemerged. The demonstrable seroprevalence in areas devoid of reported cases indicates murine typhus is an underappreciated infectious disease in Latin America.

Author Notes

Address correspondence to Lucas S. Blanton, Department of Internal Medicine–Infectious Diseases, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555-0435. E-mail: lsblanto@utmb.edu

Financial support: At the time of this work, Álvaro A. Faccini-Martínez was supported by the Fogarty International Center and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number D43 TW010331. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

Disclaimer: The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Authors’ addresses: Álvaro A. Faccini-Martínez, Research Institute, Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS, Bogotá, Colombia, and Servicios y Asesorías en Infectología - SAI, Bogotá, Colombia. E-mails: afaccini@gmail.com and afaccini@fucsalud.edu.co. David H. Walker, Department of Pathology, University Boulevard, Galveston, TX, E-mail: dwalker@utmb.edu. Lucas S. Blanton, Department of Internal Medicine–Division of Infectious Diseases, University Boulevard, Galveston, TX, E-mail: lsblanto@utmb.edu.

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